HORACE ALBERT ABBOTT was born in July 1897 in Oxford. His family moved to Enstone, where he worked as a farm labourer.
He joined the Royal Navy as a boy sailor in Portsmouth in August 1913.He trained on HMS Ganges and the Victory shore establishment before joining the Dreadnought battleship HMS Agincourt as a boy sailor on 7th August 1914. Serving in patrols and escort duties in the home fleet he was made up to Signaller, then Leading Signaller and was involved in the Battle of Jutland at the end of May 1916.
On 16th November 1916 he joined the light cruiser HMS Calliope and was aboard her when she helped sink 4 German trawler minesweepers in the North Sea off the coast of Jutland. He the joined the pre-Dreadnought battle ship HMS Commonwealth on 8th November 1917 and served with her until 1st August 1919. After a spell at Victory shore base, he served briefly on the cruiser HMS Dublin before being invalided out of the Navy on 5th August 1920.
He married Ida Harris in 1921 and had 2 sons and a daughter, living at 5, Goddards Lane in Chipping Norton. Both his sons served in the Second World War, see . He died in the town in July 1982 aged 85.
ADRIAN ERIC ANDREWS was born in June 1897 to parents Charles and Mary Andrews of Junction Road, Churchill. He had worked as a farm labourer and later a stonemason before signing on for the Royal Navy, for the duration of hostilities, on 8th August 1916. Training as a stoker at shore bases Pembroke and Actaeon he joined the crew of HMS Boadicea as a Stoker 2nd class on 5th December 1916.
HMS Boadicea was a scout cruiser completed in 1912 and was assigned to the battleship squadron in the First World War. She was converted into a minelayer in December 1917 and completed three missions in that role, laying 184 mines. Adrian Andrews served on her for the rest of the war, being promoted to Stoker 1st class on 31st May 1917. He was demobilized on 19th February 1919. He married Fanny Geal in 1926 in East Preston, Sussex. He died in Sussex in 1975 aged 79.
PHILIP SAMUEL BEDWIN was born in January 1895 to parents Walter and Jane of 13, Rock Hill, Chipping Norton. He worked as a shop assistant and also served in the Chipping Norton company of the 4th (Reserve) Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, rising to Lance Corporal. He was posted to 1/4th Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry and arrived in France with them on 29th March 1915. On 4th May 1918 transferred to The Royal Army Service Corps, as a Private in the mechanised transport section.
HOWARD EDMUND BENFIELD was born in Chipping Norton in 1883 to parents Charles and Adelaide Benfield. He worked as a baker and married Annie Tracey in the town in 1906. They had a daughter and two sons, living at Rock Hill. He joined the Army Service Corps as a baker in the supply division and arrived in France on 30th May 1915. He served there with the 14th Field Bakery until 28th April 1919, rising to sergeant, before returning home for demobilisation from what was then the Royal Army Service Corps. He had been offered his old job back in the Co-op in Chipping Norton, where he worked up to 1961, when he was aged 78. In the Second World War he served as an ARP Warden in the town. He lived at Rock Hill and had been Chairman of Chipping Norton Football Club, Secretary of Chipping Norton pig club and served on the board of directors at the Co-op. He died in 1968 aged 84.
CLAUDE ALEXANDER BIRTS was born in Welling, Kent in 1880 to parents John and Clara Birts. In June 1901 he was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 2nd West Kent volunteer battalion based in Plumstead. By 1911 he was living and working as a General House Surgeon at the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford. In 1913 he married Mary Green in Wallingford. After this he moved to 15, Market Street, Chipping Norton where he worked as a medical officer in the Workhouse Infirmary. He left there in 1915 and served throughout the war in The Royal Army Medical Corps as a Lieutenant, arriving in France on 19th October 1916 and rising to temporary Captain by the end of the conflict, and was affected by a gas attack. He returned to his old psition in the town and he and Mary had a son and daughter in Chipping Norton. However the cold winters in the town began to affect his health and by 1927 he had moved to Worthing, Sussex working as a GP.He died in the town in August 1947 aged 66.
William Bunting was born in Chipping Norton in June 1864. He was working as a painter and decorator when he married Ursula Hone in 1893. They moved to Lodge Terrace. They then ran The Railway Inn in New Street in the town and had eight children together. William had joined the 4th (Territorial) Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry and had risen through the ranks to become a Sergeant by the outbreak of war in 1914. He served on the Home Front during the war and died in 1922 aged 58.
HAROLD WILLIAM BUNTING was the eldest son of William and Ursula and was born in September 1894. He had worked as a grocer's assistant and during the war he served as a Gunner with the Royal Field Artillery. He married Dorothy Etches in Coventry in 1939 and lived in Leamington Spa. He died there in hospital in November 1960, aged 66.
DOUGLAS VICTOR BUNTING was their second son, born in October 1896. At the age of 14 he was working as a lad clerk for the Great Western Railway at Ashperton, Hagley, Newnham Bridge and Shipton, before becoming a senior clerk. He also served with the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars, a territorial yeomanry regiment. He joined them in France on 20th January 1915 and on the 10th September 1918 was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant into the Territorial Force of The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. After the war he moved to Worcester and resumed working for the GWR. He then became a civil servant working as an assistant traffic superintendent for the Kenya and Uganda railway board and in 1941 becoming District Traffic Superintendent. He was married to Ivy and had a son Brian and a daughter Rosemary. He died in Cheltenham in December 1976 aged 80.
DONALD FRANCIS BUNTING was born in November 1898, their third son, the next five all being daughters. He was a reservist with the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars and served during the war as a Gunner with the Royal Field Artillery. After the war he married Dorothy Jones in Leamington Spa in December 1922, and died there in 1976 aged 77.
FREDERICK BURBIDGE was born in Chipping Norton on the 14th January 1881, one of nine children to parents of William and Emily. His youngest brother Edwin died in 1918 whilst serving with The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. He married Lucy Clara Bacon in Hendon in 1904 and lived at 8, Market Street, Chipping Norton with their four children, where he worked as a house decorator.
Fred joined the Royal Naval Air Service on 22nd June 1917 and after basic training at Crystal Palace and HMS President 11, a shore based establishment, he served as an aircraftman first class at Airship bases at Pulham near Norwich and Mullion in Cornwall. Fred died in Chipping Norton in 1950 aged 69.
EDWARD TANKERVILLE CHAMBERLAYNE DSO MID was born in Weddington, Warwickshire on 21st December 1881, into an aristocratic family that traced its lineage back to William the Conquerer. He was educated at Eton and Christ College Oxford and married Susan Katherine Scott Mackirdy in St Georges, Hanover Square, London in July 1908. He worked as a barrister in the Inner Temple, living at 269 St James Court, Buckingham Gate in Westminster and had one son John Edward Stanes Chamberlayne. They moved to The Elm, Church Lane, Chipping Norton in 1914.
He had joined The Warwickshire Yeomanry as a Lieutenant in 1905, progressing to Captain of C Squadron on 16th April, 1910. The 1/1st Warwickshire Yeomanry were mobilized in August 1914, but remained in England until 1915, Edward Chamberlayne being promoted to Major on 11th December 1914. On the 10th April 1915 the 1/1st, as part of the 2nd Mounted Division, sailed from Avonmouth bound for Egypt. The horse transport vessel "Wayfarer" was torpedoed on the following day with the loss of five soldiers, including Private Philip Kerby who worked as a groom for the Chamberlaynes. Major Edward Chamberlayne sailed on the troopship " Saturnia" (below) arriving safely at Alexandria on 24th April 1915. On the 18th August 1915 they landed at Suvla Bay, Gallipoli, dismounted. took part in attack on Chocolate Hill and Hill 112 on 21 August of that year. In early September 1915, severe sickness coupled with battle casualties resulted in temporary reorganisation, merging with 1/1st Gloucestershire and 1/1st Worcestershire Yeomanry to form 1st South Midland Regiment, 1st Composite Mounted Brigade. They continued in trench warfare activities in Green Hill and Chocolate Hill sectors until evacuated to Mudros on 31 October 1915, being evacuated to Egypt in December 1915. He was mentioned in dispatches and the awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his service in Gallipoli. He was second in command in Egypt before returning home to command the second line Battalion of The Warwickshire Yeomanry.
After the war and during the Second World War he served as a brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, in the Territorial Army, a Deputy Lieutenant of Oxfordshire and a Justice of the Peace. He died in Chipping Norton on 2nd May 1963, aged 81 and is buried in Heythrop churchyard.
Susan Chamberlayne's brother Lieutenant David Scott Mackirdy died in 1918, and is on the Chipping Norton war memorial.
DICK DESMOND ALBERT DESMOND was born in Shoreham, Sussex on 11th October 1896. In 1911 he was recorded as living at 30 West Street, Chipping Norton with his parents and 5 siblings and working as a butcher's errand boy. He was working as a builder's labourer when he enlisted into the Royal Navy as a boy sailor on 1st May 1913, aged 16. He trained at the shore based establishment HMS Ganges until November 1913. He then joined the crew of HMS Hawke, an Edgar class cruiser, as part of a training squadron in Queenstown, Ireland until March 1914 when he was posted to the shore based HMS Vivid.
On 14th April 1914 he joined HMS London, a Formidable class battleship, already made obsolete by the advent of the Dreadnoughts. He was appointed Ordinary Seaman in October 1914, signing on for 12 years service. Upon the outbreak of war in August 1914, the 5th Battle Squadron was assigned to the Channel Fleet and based at Portland. Their first task was to escort the British Expeditionary Force across the English Channel. The squadron transferred to Sheerness on 14th November 1914 to guard against a possible German invasion. While there HMS London was present when HMS Bulwark exploded and her crew joined in the attempts to rescue survivors. The enquiry into the explosion was held aboard HMS London. The squadron returned to Portland on 30th December 1914.
On 19th March 1915 she sailed for Lemnos, joining the British Squadron for service in the Dardanelles Campaign arriving on 23rd March, and supporting the main landings at Gaba Tape and Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915. After this London, along with battleships HMS Implacable, HMS Queen and HMS Prince of Wales transferred to the 2nd Detached Squadron, organised to reinforce the Italian Navy in the Adriatic Sea in the war on Austria-Hungary . She was based at Taranto in Italy and underwent a refit at Gibraltar in October 1915. In October 1916 she returned home and was paid off at Devonport Dockyard and laid up.
From 27th October 1916 until 25th January 1917 he was at HMS Vivid I, signals shore establishment at Devonport before joining HMS Lochinvar, a Laforey class torpedo destroyer and he served on her until the 25th November 1917 in the waters around Britain. He was attached to various depot ships, HMS Dido at Harwich, HMS Attentive II at Dover, HMS Hecla at Lough Swill in County Donegal and HMS Apollo in Devonport.
From 26th November 1917 until 10th February 1918 he was back at HMS Vivid in Devonport. He then joined HMS Walker, a W class destroyer, on 11th February, and being attached to the depot ships HMS Blake and HMS Greenwich at Scapa Flow and HMS Columbine at Queensferry in Edinburgh. He was appointed Leading Seaman in October 1918. He was aboard Walker when she took part in the campaign against Bolshevik forces in the Baltic Sea during 1919, seeing action against Russian warships. From May 1919 she participated in a blockade of Bolshevik warships in Kronstadt and suffered two hits from the battleship Petropavlovsk during an attempted breakout by the Bolshevik fleet. HMS Walker arrived home on 8th December 1920.
A further spell at HMS Vivid followed until he joined HMS Revenge, lead ship of the Revenge class battleships, on 9th January 1921, part of the British Atlantic Fleet. He was promoted to Petty Officer in April 1921. The following year Revenge, with her sister ships Ramillies, Resolution and Royal Sovereign were sent to the Mediterranean due to tensions in the area, partly due to the forced abdication of King Constantine I of Greece. She was stationed at Constantinople and the Dardanelles throughout her deployment. She rejoined the Atlantic Fleet in 1922. PO Daymond left Revenge on 22nd May 1924.
He then served on HMS Thunderer, the last remaining Orion class battleship, which had been decommissioned in 1921 and was serving as a sea-going cadet training ship. He was with her until November 1924. He next served on HMS Dehli, a Danae class cruiser between 18th November 1924 and 27th June 1927.
After a brief spell with the C class cruiser HMS Caradoc he joined the crew of HMS Whirlwind, a W class destroyer on 15th December 1927. He served with her until 3rd January 1928 attached to HMS Carysfort, flagship of the Devonport reserve. On 4th September that year he joined HMS Emerald, lead ship of the Emerald class of light cruiser. She was serving in the East Indies as part of 4th Cruiser Squadron, returning home on 15th July 1933.
His next ship was the light-cruiser HMS Carlisle and he served with her on the African station as part of the 6th Cruiser Squadron and was promoted to Chief Petty Officer. In June 1936 he returned home to Chipping Norton from Durban, travelling on the liner Carnarvon Castle.
As of yet the rest of his service is not known. He ended up living in the Kensington area of London and died there in September 1963 aged 66.
JOHN WILLIAM DIXON was born in Chipping Norton on 9th March 1888, living in Whitehouse Lane with his grandfather, mother and siblings. In 1910 he married Lillian Ward in Portsmouth, they had lodgings in Southsea.
He had been working as a factory boy when he joined the Royal Navy in July 1903, aged 15, as a boy 2nd class. After spells on training ships HMS Impregnable and Lion and shore based establishments he joined the crew of the gunship HMS Bramble on 30th January 1906. Built in 1898, the four ships of this class were notable as the final development of the Victorian gunboat tradition, and for being one of the last classes of warship designed to travel under sail. The small dimensions and shallow draught of the Bramble class were designed to facilitate navigation on the complex coastlines and great rivers of Africa, South Asia and the Far East. He was made an Ordinary Seaman in March 1906 and Able Seamen in April 1907, whilst serving aboard her on the China station.
Leaving her in March 1908 he spent time on board the cruiser HMS Royal Arthur, the Victory shore establishment and the training ship HMS Nelson. On 7th August 1909 he joined HMS Topaze, a protected cruiser built in 1902, and serving with the Channel Fleet. He served aboard her until January 1911. He joined the crew of HMS Superb on 30th May 1911, serving on her until May 1913. HMS Superb was only the fourth Dreadnought type battleship in the world.
Back at Excellent he was made up to Leading Seaman in June 1913. On 21st August 1913 he joined the battleship HMS Audacious, part of the 2nd Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet based at Lough Swilly in Ireland. On 27th October 1914 Superb, along with seven other "super-dreadnoughts" left the Lough to conduct gunnery exercises off the Isle of Mull. At o845 whilst executing a turn Audacious went over a mine, laid off Tory Island, off the Irish Coast. The engine rooms began flooding and a list to port of about 15 degrees developed. The Captain, thinking that the ship had been attacked by a submarine hoisted the submarine warning and in accordance with instructions the rest of the squadron steamed away to safety. With the starboard engine still functioning the ship could make 9 knots and it was hoped she could make landfall. At 1000, the decision was taken to abandon the central engine room, but water was also rising in the starboard engine room, so that engine too was stopped. By 1100, the central turbine was submerged and the port side deck was dipping under water as the ship rolled to that side.
The light cruiser Liverpool stood by, while Audacious broadcast distress signals by wireless. The Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Fleet, Sir John Jellicoe, ordered every available destroyer and tug out to assist, but did not dare send out battleships to tow because of the apparent submarine threat. Meanwhile, the White Star liner Olympic, sister of the Titanic arrived on the scene. All non-essential crew were ordered off, boats from Liverpool and Olympic assisting, so that only 250 men remained by 1400.
At 1330, the captain of Olympic suggested that his ship attempt to take Audacious in tow, and with the assistance of the destroyer Fury, a tow line was passed within 30 minutes. The ships began moving toward Lough Swilly, but Audacious was so unmanageable that the tow line parted. Liverpool and the collier Thornhill attempted to take the battleship in tow, but to no avail. By 1600, the forward deck was 4 feet above water, while the stern had no more than 1 foot clearance.
Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly, commander of the 1st Battle Squadron, arrived on the scene in the boarding vessel Cambria and took over the rescue operation. With dark approachingthe remaining men on Audacious were taken off at 1915. As the quarterdeck flooded, the ship's whaler broke loose and, slithering across the deck, caused further damage to hatches and ventilators, leading to rapid flooding of the stern. At 2045, with the decks underwater, the ship heeled sharply, paused, and then capsized. The ship floated upside down with the bow raised until 2100, when an explosion occurred throwing wreckage 300 feet into the air, followed by two more. The explosion appeared to come from the area of B magazine and was possibly caused by high-explosive shells falling from their racks and exploding, then igniting the cordite magazine. A piece of armour plate fell on and killed a Petty Officer on Liverpool, which was 800 yards away. This was the only casualty in connecting with the sinking.
After a spell ashore his next ship was the newly commissioned light cruiser HMS Comus, aboard which he served from July 1915 to January 1916. On 20th January 1916 he joined the Orion class battleship HMS Monarch. At the Battle of Jutland on 31st May 1916, Monarch's first action occurred at 1833 when she sighted five German battleships. She fired three salvos scoring a hit on SMS Konig herself. At 1914 she then sighted the German cruiser SMS Lutzow and fired 5 salvos, claiming a straddle of hits. this was effectively the end of the battle for HMS Monarch, suffering no injuries or damage. The rest of her war was mainly engaged in sweeps and patrols of the North Sea. He left the ship on 27nd February 1917, serving ashore until May 1917.
On 25th May he was time expired and was enrolled in the Royal Fleet Reserve and served for the rest of the war on Defensively Armed Merchant Ships. He joined the crew of HMS Canada, a super-dreadnought battleship on 17th September 1917 being promoted to Petty Officer on 1st February 1920 and leaving her in July that year.
ALBERT KEEN was born in Chipping Norton in 1881 to parents Walter and Edith Keen, one of five sons. They lived at 70 Finsbury Place, New Street and before joining the Army Albert had worked as a general labourer and carter.
He was attested into the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry on 4th December 1915 aged 35, and mobilized on 4th April 1916 at Cowley Barracks. He was posted to a base depot in France on 10th July 1916 and then transferred to the 2nd Battalion, The Royal Warwickshire Regiment on 27th August 1916. He was reported missing in action on 4th May 1917 during the Second Battle of Bullecourt, when the British attacked German defences near the city of Arras. He was later reported as being held as a Prisoner of War at Limburg camp near Cologne. He was released on 11th January 1919 and repatriated, being demobilized on 21st March 1919.
He died, the following year, in June 1920 aged 40. His youngest brother Ernest died of sickness whilst serving with the Hampshire Regiment on 1st November 1918.
LEONARD LINDSAY WILLIAM MALPASS was born in Chipping Norton in 1895 to parents Arthur and Emmy of 13, Alfred Terrace, one of five children. They later moved to the Leys and at 15 he was working as a mill hand. He had joined the 4th (Reserve) Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry and promoted to acting Sergeant. He transferred to the 1/4th Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry being posted to France on the 29th March 1915. He was transferred to the Machine Gun Corps and was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his actions, whilst serving as a Corporal, on 21st January 1918, during a German attack at Loos. His citation reads:
"For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He took charge of three machine guns in an attack after an officer became a casualty and got them into action, conflicting heavy casualties on the enemy. Later, he also took charge of the guns on his flank and organised a defensive line. He brought a captured enemy gun into action in addition to his own, and also recovered two guns whose teams had become causalities. He showed great initiative and determination throughout"
He was promoted to acting then full sergeant shortly after this. Len was demobilized on 19th February 1919 and returned to Chipping Norton. He married Alice Padley in Chipping Norton 1921. He died in the town in 1975 aged 79.
ALBERT EDWARD MATES was born on 30th December 1894 to parents Thomas and Lydia Mates of 72, Vincent Street, Westminster.
He joined the Royal Marines as a Band Boy straight from school on 11th November 1909, aged just 14. He attended the Royal Navy School of music at Eastney Portsmouth, his character assessed as very good and his ability good. On 28th March 1912 he joined the crew of the St Vincent class dreadnought battleship HMS Vanguard as a Royal Marine Musician. HMS Vanguard participated in exercises with the 1st Fleet in October of that year. Between 17th and 20th July 1914 she took part in a test mobilisation and fleet review. On 29th July she sailed to the fleet's war station at Scapa Flow and began the patrols and training exercises that constituted the greater part of her service after the declaration of war on 4 August. In April 1916 the ship was transferred to the 4th Battle Squadron.
On the 31st May 1916, Vanguard, under the command of Captain James Dick, was assigned to the 4th Division of the 4th Battle Squadron at the Battle of Jutland, being the eighteenth ship from the head of the battle line after deployment. During the first stage of the general engagement, the ship fired 42 rounds from her main guns at the crippled light cruiser SMS Wiesbaden from 1830, claiming several hits. Between 1920 and 1930, Vanguard engaged several German destroyer flotillas with her main armament without result. This was the last time that the ship fired her guns during the battle.
On the evening of the 18th August 1916 Vanguard sailed as part of the Grand Fleet of 29 dreadnoughts and 6 battlecruisers in an attempt to intercept the German Fleet which had the objective of bombarding Sunderland. No contact was made between the fleets, both sides returning to port the following day.
On the afternoon of 9 July 1917, the ship's crew had been exercising, practising the routine for abandoning ship. Returning at about 1830 she anchored in the northern part of Scapa Flow. At about 2330 witnesses on nearby ships reported a small explosion with a white glare between the foremast and the two turrets amidships , followed after a brief interval by two much larger explosions. A great cloud of smoke enveloped the area and when it cleared Vanguard had disappeared, taking 804 men with her.
Intitially there were fears a German submarine had been responsible and orders to protect the anchorage were given at 2330. These were lifted at 0730 the next morning when the Admiralty were satisfied the loss of the Vanguard had been caused by a internal explosion. A court of inquiry heard accounts from many witnesses on nearby ships. They accepted the consensus that there had been a small explosion with a white glare between the foremast and "A" turret, followed after a brief interval by two much larger explosions.The Court decided, on the balance of the available evidence, that the main detonations were in either "P" magazine, "Q" magazine, or both. A great deal of debris thrown out by the explosion landed on nearby ships; a section of plating measuring five feet by six feet landed on board Bellerophon. It was matched with a sister ship, and was found to be from the central dynamo room, which reinforced the evidence suggesting that the explosion took place in the central part of the ship.
Although the explosion was obviously an explosion of the cordite charges in a main magazine, the reason for it was much less obvious. There were several theories. The inquiry found that some of the cordite on board, which had been temporarily offloaded in December 1916 and catalogued at that time, was past its stated safe life. The possibility of spontaneous detonation was raised, but could not be proved.It was also noted that a number of ship's boilers were still in use, and some watertight doors which should have been closed in war-time, were open as the ship was in port. It was suggested that this might have contributed to a dangerously high temperature in the magazines. The final conclusion of the board was that a fire started in a 4-inch magazine, perhaps when a raised temperature caused spontaneous ignition of cordite, spreading to one or the other main magazines which then exploded. On 12 September 1975 a detailed investigation carried out by the Royal Navy's Command Clearance Diving Team confirmed that the original explosion destroyed virtually all the explosive ordnance on board and blew the wreck apart.
ERNEST MORRIS was born in May 1897, one of 10 children to parents Albert and Ellen Morris of 58, Rock Hill, Chipping Norton and worked as an errand boy. He added an "s" to his name to enlist into 4th (Reserve) Battalion The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry as Private Ernest Morriss whilst underage. He went on to serve with the 2nd Battalion, The Leicestershire Regiment. His older brother Len also served with the Ox & Bucks. After the war he married Hilda Higgs in Chipping Norton in 1922. He died in 1983 aged 86.
LEONARD MORRIS was born in July 1896, one of 10 children to parents Albert and Ellen Morris of 58, Rock Hill, Chipping Norton and worked as an errand boy. He was a member of the 4th (Reserve) Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, serving as a Private. He transferred to 2/4th Battalion, the Ox & Bucks and arrived in France on 28th June 1915. On 28th April 1917 he took part on a raid on an enemy trench at Fayet near St Quentin in which his Company Sergeant Major, Edward Brooks, won the VC. He returned to Chipping Norton after the war, marrying Annie Pither in 1920. He died in the town in 1970 aged 74.
FRANCIS HENRY MOULDER was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1876 moving to Chipping Norton with his mother shortly after. In 1902 he married Emily Smith in Aston and were living at 76 West Street in Chipping Norton and working as a general labourer. He was also a part-time soldier and served 10 years with the 4th (Reserve) Battalion of The Oxfordshire Light Infantry. On the 12th October 1914, aged 40, he was attested and embodied into Oxfordshire National Reserve. He served on the Home Front firstly with No 1 Company, 4th (Reserve) Battalion of The Oxf & Bucks Light Infantry then on to 256 Company, the Royal Defence Company in April 1916, the 18th Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment and 615 Labour Corps. Army officialdom lost track of him and when preparing for his demob they had to write to him to confirm where he was and where he had been. He was demobilized at Fovant, Wiltshire on the 18th March 1919. He died in Chipping Norton in 1950 aged 75.
FRANK BENJAMIN MOULDER was born in Over Norton in 1886, one of twelve children of Henry and Susan of Over Norton. He married Florence Coombes in Chipping Norton on 8th January 1910. They lived in Over Norton where he worked as a stonemason and had a son and a daughter. His elder brother Frederick was killed in action in October 1914.
He attested on 11th December 1915 and put on the reserve list. On 24th May 1916 he applied for exemption from service, but at a hearing on the 7th June this was refused although a temporary exemption to 19th June was granted. He was mobilized into No 2 Works Company of the Devonshire Regiment at Exeter on 7th July 1916. He served in the Labour Corps on the Home Front until 5th March 1919, when he was discharged as unfit for further service. He was suffering from myalgia, sciatica of the leg and rheumatism of the heels all aggravated by war service, and awarded a pension of 2 shillings and 4d a week. He died in 1955 aged 69.
SAMUEL MOULDER was born in Over Norton in 1878, one of seven children of William and Eliza of Over Norton. He married Mary Hardwicke in Chipping Norton on 20th October 1903. They lived in Over Norton where he worked as a general handyman at Over Norton park. They had three sons and two daughters between 1903 and 1915.
He enlisted on the 11th December 1915, aged 37, at Oxford and mobilized on 12th July 1916, initially into the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, but due to defective eyesight and hearing was posted to 164 Company, the 13th Labour Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment. He served in France between 19th September 1916 and 8th August 1917. He returned home to be discharged from the Army on 6th July 1917, suffering from pre-senile cataracts. However in July 1918 he was ordered back for a further re-examination as part of a review into soldiers discharged with disabilities. He died in 1956 in Chipping Norton aged 77.
ALBERT JOSEPH NASON was born in 1885 to parents William and Alice Nason of 22 Albion Street, Chipping Norton. He married Louisa Steventon on 7th July 1906 and had a son Albert, born in 1907 and lived at 2, Coneygree Terrace in the town, working as a foreman at a glove factory. He enlisted into The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry at Cowley on 11th December 1915, aged 35. He served on the Home Front in the 9th (reserve) Battalion, being promoted to Lance-Corporal in November 1918. He was demobilized on 28th January 1919. His older brother Mowbray was killed in action in March 1918 whilst serving with the Ox & Bucks. Albert Nason died in 1961 aged 78.
WILLIAM ALEXANDER NORRIS DCM MM MID served as a Sergeant Major 1st class in the 1st Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment. The citation for his Distinguished Conduct Medal reads:
“for conspicuous gallantry on 7th May 1915, near Hill 60 (in the Ypres salient), when he voluntarily left a trench crawled over an open space under an accurate fire from the enemy, and dragged in a wounded man. Later in the day he gallantly went out again and brought in a wounded officer, in spite of fire from numerous snipers”
He also served in the Royal Flying Corps and the RAF. He was born in 1889 in Milton Regis in Kent and his only connection with Chipping Norton would seem to be that he died here, in the Chequers Inn in 1944 aged 55, whilst working as an aerodrome warden
CHARLES ARTHUR PARSONS was born in Chipping Norton in 1883, the son of James and Lucy Parsons. He was working as a bottler in the brewery when he enlisted into the 16th(The Queens) Lancers in London on 18th October 1899, giving his date of birth as 1879. He had previously served in the 6th Territorial Battalion of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment, but had brought himself out. Signing on for 7 years in the colours and 5 in the reserves, he served at home until 12th June 1900. The Battalion was then sent to South Africa The regiment landed at Cape Colony in January 1900 for service in the Second Boer War and took part in the relief of Kimberley in February 1900.He returned to England on 10th November 1904 and served at home until 19th November 1906, when he was transferred into the reserve 8th Cavalry Regiment.
In May 1907 he joined the Great Western Railway as a porter at Chipping Norton Station, being promoted to a carman, delivering goods to houses and businesses, in July 1908. In November 1908 he married Louisa Watts in Colchester, they settled at 3, Alfred Terrace in Chipping Norton and had two daughters. On 7th August 1914 he was mobilized and posted to the 16th Lancers, arriving with them in France on 25th August 1914. As part of the 2nd Cavalry Division they saw action in the Battle of the Aisne and phases of the First Battle of Ypres. On 10th November 1914 he returned home, posted back to the 8th Reserve Cavalary Regiment, based in Curragh, Ireland. On 3rd March 1916 he was appointed Lance Corporal and on 12th July suffered a dislocated thumb when he fell in the stables. On 3rd August 1916 he was posted back to the 16th Hussars in France, but his surviving records end there. The 16th Hussars served in a dismounted role in all the major engagements on the Western Front. He was demobilized on 1st March 1919 and transferred back to the reserves.
Charles Parsons died in Chipping Norton in January 1953 aged 69 and is buried in the town cemetery.
ARTHUR PEARCE served as a Regimental Sergeant Major in Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars. He was born in 1870 in Lambeth and was working as a letter sorter when he enlisted with the 12th Hussars on 24th January 1890. He served in England until 21st October 1899, gaining his musketry certificate, appointed corporal in March 1893 and full sergeant in December 1896. He was then was posted to South Africa to fight in the Boer War. He served there until 31st August 1902 when he returned home. He was involved in the Battles of Paardeberg, Driefontein, Johannesburg, Diamond Hill, Wittebergen and the relief of Kimberley. He was awarded the King's South African clasps 1901 and 02. He remained in England until 5th January 1903, marrying Louisa Emily Faulkner in Lambeth, in October 1902, they had four daughters together, Agnes, Louisa, Nellie and Grace.
He was posted to India arriving at Umballa station on 6th March 1903. On 22nd October 1904 he contracted malaria and spent a week in hospital and this lead to him eventually returning home on 24th January 1905. On 1st March 1905 he was attached to the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars, his family was then living in Chipping Norton, and was promoted to Squadron Sergeant Major in May 1905.
He was serving in the 1/1st Battalion when it landed at Dunkirk on 19th September 1914 to help defend the Channel ports and was in the first Territorial unit to embark and see action. The QOOH were involved in the Battles of Messines and Armentieres in 1914 and the first and second Battles of Ypres in 1915. Arthur was appointed acting Regimental Sergeant Major in the field on 1st October 1914. His time in action came to an end on 3rd April 1916 when he was evacuated from the front by field ambulance, suffering from chronic bronchitis, and was taken, via various casualty clearing stations, to No 4 General Hospital in Camiers, arriving on 25th April. On the 4th May 1916 he was transferred home on the Hospital Ship "St Andrew" and admitted to No 5 General Hospital in London now also suffering from malaria. He was discharged from hospital on 2nd June. After his recovery he had several postings in reserve cavalry battalions before joining the Labour Corps until his discharge on 17th December 1918 under GRO 146 (over 41 years old). His character was described by his last Commanding Officer as "exemplary". He had served his country for over 28 years and went on to join the Yeoman of the Guard. He died in Banbury on the 8th May 1942 aged 72.
A LETTER FROM ARTHUR PEARCE'S DAUGHTER GRACE WRITTEN IN 2013
"My father was born on 17th April 1870. He joined the 12th Royal Lancers and fought with them in the Boer War, keeping the same horse throughout.
On returning to England he married my wonderful mother. Shortly afterwards he had to supervise a shipload of wives travelling to India, replacing a man who had been court-martialled for starving his horses and selling their food. He was posted to India where he steadily put things right as he loved horses but after a few years caught malaria and it was feared he would die in India, so he was sent home.
When he was fit enough he took charge of the Oxfordshire Yeomanry – he then lived in Chipping Norton. At the outbreak of war they were among the first to cross the Channel. Their duty was to set out at daylight and return at dark to make the enemy think they had more troops there than they did.
One day the Germans found their range. My father ordered the men to dismount and lead their horses round the perimeter of a field. He lost neither men nor horses and was nicknamed “The Major” following this incident!.
One time when he was on rest leave he was looking for somewhere to get something to eat and came across a cafe run by women from England. Asking for his meal., he was told snootily that 'only officers were served here'. A voice from behind called out that my father was his guest – it was an officer he knew so he was able to eat!
Then they had to give up their horses and man the trenches. Unfortunately I do not have much information about his where he was sent in the trenches. They suffered gas attacks and were ordered to urinate on their woollen socks and wrap them round their faces. Those who could not bring themselves to do this suffered badly.
Life in the trenches was horrific. He told stories of how friends and fellow soldiers were killed and wounded by the enemy. One day he was hit by an enemy bullet but luckily he was wearing his watch and the bullet bounced off it. Without the watch he would have been killed – the watch did not survive!
My father managed to survive the rest of the war. He returned home to Banbury and having the correct height, girth and military service became a Yeoman of the Guard of the King's Bodyguard.
He died in 1942 aged 72."
GEORGE HENRY ROBINSON was born in Bloxham in 1877 and on 3rd may 1899 married Florrie Wellstood and had three children together. They moved to 25 New Street, Chipping Norton, where he worked as baker, and on 16th August 1915, aged 39, enlisted into The Army Service Corps. He went to Aldershot for basic training, and also had his skills tested at the ASC bakery, being proven to be a 3rd hand baker. He embarked at Southampton on 31st August 1915, aboard the PS Empire Queen, for Le Havre. After time in base camp he was posted to the 4th Field Bakery on 14th September 1915. He was hospitalized for 15 days in March 1916, suffering from measles and then posted to 6th Field Bakery on 2nd September 1916. He returned home on leave between 4th and 22nd January 1917, and was awarded 1st good conduct badge on 16th August 1917. He was posted to the 15th Field Bakery lastly, before being posted home on 29th October 1918, being demobilized on 24th May 1919. He returned to the town and died there in 1962 aged 85. Each infantry division had it’s own field bakery staffed by one officer and ninety-two men and produced bread for up to 20,000 men.
JOHN CLEMENT RUSSELL MC was born in 1888 in Kensington, London and was a medical student at London Hospital when war broke out. He was commissioned into the Royal Field Artillery on 5th October 1914, arriving in France on 9th July 1915 as part of 15th Divisional Artillery. He was gazetted the Military Cross on 3rd June 1916 whilst a temporary Lieutenant. In 1917 he was promoted to Captain and finished the war as an acting Major. He returned to his studies after the war and qualified as a doctor in 1919. He worked as a house surgeon and physician at London Hospital until becoming a GP in Chipping Norton in 1925. He died in Chipping Norton in september 1969 aged 81.
THE SHADBOLT BROTHERS
ERNEST HARRY SHADBOLT was born in November 1896 at 18 Spring Street, Chipping Norton the sixth son of John and Emma. At school he was awarded bronze medals for being Never Absent and Never Late from 1904 – 1909. After leaving school age 14 he worked as an errand boy. He served as a Private in the 1/8th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment and saw action in France, Belgium and Italy. In the picture below he is showing an inverted chevron on his left sleeve which was for two years Good Conduct and also two smaller inverted chevrons on his right sleeve indicating he served two years overseas.
GEORGE THOMAS SHADBOLT was born in Chipping Norton in June 1883 and had worked as a rural cycle postman. In 1905 he married Eliza Ann Mullington in Churchill, living in Churchill, they had three children together. He served as a Private, firstly with The East Surrey Regiment and is pictured in their uniform, below left. The stripe on his left cuff shows he has been wounded once. He then went on to serve with The Royal Fusiliers and is in their uniform in the right picture. Elizabeth Shadbolt sadly died in the John Radcliffe Infirmary in December 1918. He married again to Jane Biles in June 1920 but tragedy struck again when his son Jim died in 1922 aged only 6. George Shadbolt died in March 1972 aged 56 and is buried in Chipping Norton Cemetery.
WILLIAM SHADBOLT was born in Chipping Norton in October 1894 and prior to the war combined working in a factory whilst serving in the 4th (Reserve) Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry as a Private. At the outbreak of war he transferred to The Worcester Regiment, arriving in France in March 1916. He was commissioned into the 1st/5th Battalion, The Royal Warwickshire Regiment on 26th June 1917 as a 2nd Lieutenant, pictured right below. He underwent officer training at Pirbright before joining his unit in the field on 1st September 1917. He was wounded in action on 13th October, during The First Battle of Passchendaele and evacuated home to England. He later transferred to The Machine Gun Corps and was promoted to full Lieutenant. He had married Elsie Woodward in Chipping Norton in the summer of 1916, living at Gloucester Villas in the town. They had a son William and a daughter Margaret together. William Shadbolt died in September 1958 aged 63.
WILLIAM JOHN SHADBOLT was born in Chipping Norton in 1882, and worked as a slater and a plasterer. In 1904 he married Emma Jane Smith in Heythrop and they moved to Market Street, Charlbury where he worked as a house painter. They had four children, Elsie, William, Cyril and Rose between 1905 and 1911. He joined The Royal Engineers as a Sapper, and is pictured below in their uniform. He has a wound stripe on his left cuff, whilst the chevron on his right cuff denotes he has served a year abroad. He served with the Northumberland Fusiliers before rejoining the RE again. They had a further daughter after the war, Queenie, born in 1919. William John Shadbolt died in at Cornbury Bridge, Charlbury after being hit by an army lorry,on 7th January 1946 aged 64 and is buried in Charlbury cemetery.
The brothers were four of the twelve children of John Thomas and Emma Shadbolt of Spring Street, Chipping Norton. George, William John and Ernest are pictured with their father and two brothers below left.
JOHN EDWARD SIMMS served as a Private in the Royal Army Medical Corps. He was born in Chipping Norton in October 1894 and was the second son of Daniel Rutter and Ellen Simms of 13 High Street Chipping Norton. He is father was a watchmaker and jeweller and also an Alderman of the town as was his Grandfather Charles Rice Simms, whose portrait hangs in the town hall. Before enlisting he was an apprentice watchmaker and jeweller in the family business. His elder brother Herbert Rutter Simms was a pilot in the Royal Naval Air Service and was killed in action in 1916. He enlisted into the RAMC on 18th October 1915 and served in the Balkans. He married Olive Felthouse in 1923 and died in 1979 aged 84, and is buried in Chipping Norton cemetery
THE SIMS BROTHERS
BERTRAND SIMS was born in Shipston-on-Stour in March 1896. He served as a Private in "D" Squadron, The Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars. Known colloquially as "Queer Objects On Horseback" they embarked for France in September 1914, the first territorial unit to do so. He returned to Chipping Norton after the war, marrying Elizabeth Williams in St Mary's Church in May 1927. They had a son also called Bertrand. Bertrand Sims died in Chipping Norton in March 1979 aged 83.
HUBERT ALFRED SIMS was born in Chipping Norton in July 1898. He served as a Private in The Somerset Light Infantry. He married Ivy ( known as Annie) Hemmings in St Nicholas Church, Chadlington in September 1920 and they had two sons Lindus and Desmond. Desmond was killed in action on 20th August 1944, aged 19, whilst serving as a Private in the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry during the allied advance on Rome. Hubert Sims died in the War Memorial Hospital in December 1953 aged 55.
JOHN GEORGE SIMS, known as Jack, was born in December 1893 in Shipston-on-Stour. Before the war he had worked as a butcher, before enlisting into The Army Service Corps. He was trained as a driver, and was posted to France on 3rd August 1915, working his way up through the ranks to become a Staff Sergeant. He remained in the service until 28th April 1919, then joined "Z" Reserves, created in case Germany refused to accept peace terms, until it was disbanded in 1920. He died in December 1978 aged 84.
The brothers were the sons of Harry and Annie Sims, who had 12 children in all. The family lived at 11, Market Street, Chipping Norton where Harry worked as a fishmonger and fruiterer. Their eldest son Harry Lindus Sims was killed in action in France in 1917.
CONRAD ALBERT TITCOMB was born in July 1897 in Little Compton to parents Albert and Mary Titcomb and the youngest of five children. They lived at 53 Rock Hill Chipping Norton, and before the war had worked as an errand boy. He had joined the Chipping Norton Company of the 4th (Reserve Battalion), The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry at the outbreak of war in August 1914. The 4th were amalgamated into the 2/4th and arrived in France on 24th May 1916. The Battalion had been operating in The Somme area, when on 23rd February 1917 they relieved The Berkshire Regiment in the Ablaincourt sector. On the morning of the 27th German Howitzer batteries began shelling the sector. The following afternoon the Germans opened up again with trench mortars, rifle grenades with heavy artillery and gas shells pounding the support trenches and HQs behind the lines. It was a clear moonlight light when the German raiding party attacked the trench line held by C company, lobbing grenades into the company HQ, inflicting casualties and taking prisoners, including Private Conrad Titcomb. His comrade from Chipping Norton, Albert White, was wounded in the raid and died in a casualty clearing station on 2nd March, Conrad wrote home from Friedrichsfeld POW camp asking for news of Albert. Thirteen other members of the battalion died in the raid, twelve of which have no known grave.
After the war Conrad married Katharine Wiggins in Birmingham in 1931 and they had three children together. He lived and farmed at Bearley Farm in Bearley Warwickshire and died in February 1958 aged 60.
THANKS TO ANDY TITCOMB, CONRAD'S GRANDSON FOR THE PHOTO
Horace served in the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry rising to Sergeant, he then transferred to the 39th Battalion, the Machine Gun Corps where he was Company Quartermaster Sergeant, the second most senior NCO in the company. He won his Distinguished Conduct Medal during heavy fighting defending Amiens during the German Spring offensive of 1918. (see below). His older brother Arthur was killed in action on 31st August 1918 while serving with The Rifle Brigade.
After the war he was presented with an engraved gold watch by the townspeople of Chipping Norton in recognition of his award. He and Eva had one son, Frederick born in 1921, and Horace died in Oxford in 1952, aged 63.
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